Steps Forward on Adaptation including the Lima Adaptation Knowledge Initiative
Progress was made in Lima on elevating adaptation onto the same level as the curbing and cutting of greenhouse gas emissions. This will be done through:
Recognition that National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) offer an important way of delivering resilience.
- NAPs will now be made more visible via the UNFCCC website which should improve the opportunity for receiving backing.
- The green light was given for discussions with the Green Climate Fund (GCF) on how countries can be supported with their NAPs which should increase the number of these plans coming forward for support.
- Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, the COP President, launched a NAP Global Network involving Peru, the US, Germany, the Philippines, Togo, the UK, Jamaica, and Japan.
- The Lima Adaptation Knowledge Initiative – a pilot project in the Andes under the Nairobi Work Programme – has underlined that establishing the adaptive needs of communities can be successfully captured.
Countries supported the idea of replicating this in Least Developed Countries, Small Island Developing States and Africa.
- The Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism on Loss and Damage was confirmed for two years with a balanced representation of members from developing and developed countries.
A work programme was also established under the Committee – it has an array of actions areas, including enhancing the understanding of how loss and damage due to climate change affects particularly vulnerable developing countries and populations including indigenous or minority status ones.
- It will also seek to better the understanding of how climate change impacts human migration and displacement.
Financing the Response to Climate Change
- Governments made progress on coordinating the delivery of climate finance and of the various existing funds.
- Further pledges were made to the Green Climate Fund in Lima by the governments of Norway, Australia, Belgium, Peru, Colombia and Austria -the pledges brought the total sum pledged to the Green Climate Fund to close to USD 10.2 billion.
- In a further boost to the adaptation ambitions of developing countries, Germany made a pledge of 55 million Euros to the Adaptation Fund.
- China also announced $10 million for South-South cooperation and mentioned they would double it next year.
More Countries Accept the Kyoto Protocol Doha Amendment
- Nauru and Tuvalu submitted their instrument of acceptance to the Doha Amendment, bringing the number of Parties to 21 – 144 are required to bring it into force.
The United Nations is encouraging governments to speed up their acceptance of the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, the international emissions reduction treaty, in order to provide further momentum for global climate action for the years leading up to 2020.
New Climate Action Portal Launched as Part of Lima Climate Action Agenda
- The Government of Peru launched a new portal, with support from the UNFCCC, to increase the visibility of the wealth of climate action among cities, regions, companies and investors, including those under international cooperative initiatives.
- The portal – named the Nazca Climate Action Portal – is designed to inject additional momentum into the process through to Paris by demonstrating the wealth of non-state action.
Providing Transparency of Developed Country Action
- The first ever Multilateral Assessment (MA) was launched in Lima marking an historic milestone in the implementation of the Measurement, Reporting and Verification of emissions reductions under the UNFCCC as a result of decisions taken at previous COPs in Cancun, Durban and Doha.
Over two days, 17 developed countries with quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets were assessed by other governments or ‘Parties’ to the Convention.