The Multilateral Assessment showed that the number of success stories and best practices in policy and technology innovation alongside nations decoupling emissions from economic growth is increasing.
Forests and the Lima Information Hub for REDD+
Countries meeting in Lima made progress on providing support to avoid deforestation.
- Colombia, Guyana, Indonesia, Malaysia and Mexico formally submitted information and data on the status of their greenhouse gas emissions reductions in the forest sector to the UNFCCC secretariat following a similar submission by Brazil earlier in the year.
These baselines are likely to increase the possibility of obtaining international funding under initiatives like Reduced Emissions from Deforestations and Forest Degradation (REED+).
In support of this, the COP President announced that an ‘information hub’ will be launched on the UNFCCC website, spotlighting actions by countries carrying out REDD+ activities.
The aim is to bring greater transparency on both the actions being undertaken, including safeguards for communities and the payments being made.
Providing Technology to Developing Countries
The Lima meeting sent an important signal that the transfer of climate technologies with the assistance of the UN and other international agencies is picking up speed.
- The Climate Technology Centre and Network reported that it had received around 30 requests for assistance this year, and expects the figure to grow to more than 100 next year.
- The UNFCCC’s Technology Mechanism was further strengthened through the consideration of a link to the Green Climate Fund and the UNFCCC Finance mechanism.
The first research project funded under the technology mechanism was announced just prior to the Lima climate conference, involving the monitoring of climate change’s impact on biodiversity in Chile.
Lima Work Programme on Gender
The role of women is key to the response to climate change, and needs to be strengthened.
- The Lima conference agreed a Lima Work Programme on Gender to advance gender balance and to promote gender sensitivity in developing and implementing climate policy.
Education and Awareness-raising
- The Lima Ministerial Declaration on Education and Awareness-raising was announced.
It is aimed at developing education strategies that incorporate the issue of climate change in curricula, while also raising awareness on climate change in the design and implementation of national development and climate change strategies.
Peru and France launch Lima-Paris Action Agenda
- The governments of Peru and France, as the incoming COP Presidency, launched a Lima-Paris Action Agenda to catalyze action on climate change, to further increase ambition before 2020 and support the 2015 agreement.
- Building on the UN Climate Summit in September 2014, the agenda is designed to galvanize national, city and private sector action.
- Among other things, the agenda will help to convene key global, national, sub-national and local leaders and to showcase key significant partnerships and actions of non-state actors.
UNFCCC Pre-2020 Action Forum and ‘Fair’
- As part of the efforts by countries to accelerate pre-2020 climate action, the secretariat organized a fair to showcase how policy and action is being scaled up and how many countries and non-state actors are taking action across themes ranging from renewable energies to more sustainable land use.